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Distributions include the Linux kernel and supporting system software and libraries , many of which are provided by the GNU Project.

Popular Linux distributions [18] [19] [20] include Debian , Fedora Linux , and Ubuntu , which in itself has many different distributions and modifications, including Lubuntu and Xubuntu. Distributions intended for servers may omit graphics altogether, or include a solution stack such as LAMP. Because Linux is freely redistributable, anyone may create a distribution for any purpose.

Linux was originally developed for personal computers based on the Intel x86 architecture, but has since been ported to more platforms than any other operating system.

Linux also runs on embedded systems , i. Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open-source software collaboration. The source code may be used, modified and distributed commercially or non-commercially by anyone under the terms of its respective licenses, such as the GNU General Public License GPL.

The Linux kernel, for example, is licensed under the GPLv2, with a special exception for system calls , as without the system call exception any program calling on the kernel would be considered a derivative and therefore the GPL would have to apply to that program. The availability of a high-level language implementation of Unix made its porting to different computer platforms easier.

As a result, Unix grew quickly and became widely adopted by academic institutions and businesses. Onyx Systems began selling early microcomputer-based Unix workstations in Later, Sun Microsystems , founded as a spin-off of a student project at Stanford University , also began selling Unix-based desktop workstations in While Sun workstations didn\’t utilize commodity PC hardware like Linux was later developed for, it represented the first successful commercial attempt at distributing a primarily single-user microcomputer that ran a Unix operating system.

With Unix increasingly \”locked in\” as a proprietary product, the GNU Project , started in by Richard Stallman , had the goal of creating a \”complete Unix-compatible software system\” composed entirely of free software. Work began in By the early s, many of the programs required in an operating system such as libraries, compilers , text editors , a command-line shell , and a windowing system were completed, although low-level elements such as device drivers , daemons , and the kernel , called GNU Hurd , were stalled and incomplete.

Tanenbaum , a computer science professor, and released in as a minimal Unix-like operating system targeted at students and others who wanted to learn operating system principles. Although the complete source code of MINIX was freely available, the licensing terms prevented it from being free software until the licensing changed in April Linus Torvalds has stated on separate occasions that if the GNU kernel or BSD had been available at the time , he probably would not have created Linux.

While attending the University of Helsinki in the fall of , Torvalds enrolled in a Unix course. It was with this course that Torvalds first became exposed to Unix. In , he became curious about operating systems.

Later, Linux matured and further Linux kernel development took place on Linux systems. Linus Torvalds had wanted to call his invention \” Freax \”, a portmanteau of \”free\”, \”freak\”, and \”x\” as an allusion to Unix.

During the start of his work on the system, some of the project\’s makefiles included the name \”Freax\” for about half a year.

Initially, Torvalds considered the name \”Linux\” but dismissed it as too egotistical. To facilitate development, the files were uploaded to the FTP server ftp. Ari Lemmke, Torvalds\’ coworker at the Helsinki University of Technology HUT who was one of the volunteer administrators for the FTP server at the time, did not think that \”Freax\” was a good name, so he named the project \”Linux\” on the server without consulting Torvalds.

Adoption of Linux in production environments, rather than being used only by hobbyists, started to take off first in the mids in the supercomputing community, where organizations such as NASA started to replace their increasingly expensive machines with clusters of inexpensive commodity computers running Linux.

Commercial use began when Dell and IBM , followed by Hewlett-Packard , started offering Linux support to escape Microsoft \’s monopoly in the desktop operating system market. Today, Linux systems are used throughout computing, from embedded systems to virtually all supercomputers , [31] [61] and have secured a place in server installations such as the popular LAMP application stack. Use of Linux distributions in home and enterprise desktops has been growing. Linux\’s greatest success in the consumer market is perhaps the mobile device market, with Android being the dominant operating system on smartphones and very popular on tablets and, more recently, on wearables.

Linux gaming is also on the rise with Valve showing its support for Linux and rolling out SteamOS , its own gaming-oriented Linux distribution. Linux distributions have also gained popularity with various local and national governments, such as the federal government of Brazil. Greg Kroah-Hartman is the lead maintainer for the Linux kernel and guides its development. These third-party components comprise a vast body of work and may include both kernel modules and user applications and libraries.

Linux vendors and communities combine and distribute the kernel, GNU components, and non-GNU components, with additional package management software in the form of Linux distributions. Many open source developers agree that the Linux kernel was not designed but rather evolved through natural selection. Torvalds considers that although the design of Unix served as a scaffolding, \”Linux grew with a lot of mutations — and because the mutations were less than random, they were faster and more directed than alpha-particles in DNA.

Raymond considers Linux\’s revolutionary aspects to be social, not technical: before Linux, complex software was designed carefully by small groups, but \”Linux evolved in a completely different way. From nearly the beginning, it was rather casually hacked on by huge numbers of volunteers coordinating only through the Internet. Quality was maintained not by rigid standards or autocracy but by the naively simple strategy of releasing every week and getting feedback from hundreds of users within days, creating a sort of rapid Darwinian selection on the mutations introduced by developers.

Such a system uses a monolithic kernel , the Linux kernel , which handles process control, networking, access to the peripherals , and file systems.

Device drivers are either integrated directly with the kernel, or added as modules that are loaded while the system is running.

The GNU userland is a key part of most systems based on the Linux kernel, with Android being the notable exception. The Project\’s implementation of the C library works as a wrapper for the system calls of the Linux kernel necessary to the kernel-userspace interface, the toolchain is a broad collection of programming tools vital to Linux development including the compilers used to build the Linux kernel itself , and the coreutils implement many basic Unix tools.

The project also develops Bash , a popular CLI shell. Many other open-source software projects contribute to Linux systems. Installed components of a Linux system include the following: [78] [80]. The user interface , also known as the shell , is either a command-line interface CLI , a graphical user interface GUI , or controls attached to the associated hardware, which is common for embedded systems.

For desktop systems, the default user interface is usually graphical, although the CLI is commonly available through terminal emulator windows or on a separate virtual console. CLI shells are text-based user interfaces, which use text for both input and output. Most low-level Linux components, including various parts of the userland , use the CLI exclusively. The CLI is particularly suited for automation of repetitive or delayed tasks and provides very simple inter-process communication.

Most popular user interfaces are based on the X Window System , often simply called \”X\”. It provides network transparency and permits a graphical application running on one system to be displayed on another where a user may interact with the application; however, certain extensions of the X Window System are not capable of working over the network. Org Server , being the most popular. Server distributions might provide a command-line interface for developers and administrators, but provide a custom interface towards end-users, designed for the use-case of the system.

This custom interface is accessed through a client that resides on another system, not necessarily Linux based. Several types of window managers exist for X11, including tiling , dynamic , stacking and compositing. Window managers provide means to control the placement and appearance of individual application windows, and interact with the X Window System.

Simpler X window managers such as dwm , ratpoison , i3wm , or herbstluftwm provide a minimalist functionality, while more elaborate window managers such as FVWM , Enlightenment or Window Maker provide more features such as a built-in taskbar and themes , but are still lightweight when compared to desktop environments.

Wayland is a display server protocol intended as a replacement for the X11 protocol; as of [update] , it has not received wider adoption. Unlike X11, Wayland does not need an external window manager and compositing manager. Therefore, a Wayland compositor takes the role of the display server, window manager and compositing manager.

Enlightenment has already been successfully ported since version Due to the complexity and diversity of different devices, and due to the large number of formats and standards handled by those APIs, this infrastructure needs to evolve to better fit other devices. Also, a good userspace device library is the key of the success for having userspace applications to be able to work with all formats supported by those devices.

The primary difference between Linux and many other popular contemporary operating systems is that the Linux kernel and other components are free and open-source software. Linux is not the only such operating system, although it is by far the most widely used. Linux-based distributions are intended by developers for interoperability with other operating systems and established computing standards.

Free software projects, although developed through collaboration , are often produced independently of each other. The fact that the software licenses explicitly permit redistribution, however, provides a basis for larger-scale projects that collect the software produced by stand-alone projects and make it available all at once in the form of a Linux distribution. Many Linux distributions manage a remote collection of system software and application software packages available for download and installation through a network connection.

This allows users to adapt the operating system to their specific needs. Distributions are maintained by individuals, loose-knit teams, volunteer organizations, and commercial entities.

A distribution is responsible for the default configuration of the installed Linux kernel, general system security, and more generally integration of the different software packages into a coherent whole.

Distributions typically use a package manager such as apt , yum , zypper , pacman or portage to install, remove, and update all of a system\’s software from one central location.

A distribution is largely driven by its developer and user communities. Some vendors develop and fund their distributions on a volunteer basis, Debian being a well-known example. In many cities and regions, local associations known as Linux User Groups LUGs seek to promote their preferred distribution and by extension free software.

They hold meetings and provide free demonstrations, training, technical support, and operating system installation to new users. Many Internet communities also provide support to Linux users and developers. Online forums are another means for support, with notable examples being LinuxQuestions. Linux distributions host mailing lists ; commonly there will be a specific topic such as usage or development for a given list. There are several technology websites with a Linux focus.

Print magazines on Linux often bundle cover disks that carry software or even complete Linux distributions. Although Linux distributions are generally available without charge, several large corporations sell, support, and contribute to the development of the components of the system and of free software. The free software licenses , on which the various software packages of a distribution built on the Linux kernel are based, explicitly accommodate and encourage commercialization; the relationship between a Linux distribution as a whole and individual vendors may be seen as symbiotic.

One common business model of commercial suppliers is charging for support, especially for business users. A number of companies also offer a specialized business version of their distribution, which adds proprietary support packages and tools to administer higher numbers of installations or to simplify administrative tasks.

Another business model is to give away the software to sell hardware. As computer hardware standardized throughout the s, it became more difficult for hardware manufacturers to profit from this tactic, as the OS would run on any manufacturer\’s computer that shared the same architecture. Most programming languages support Linux either directly or through third-party community based ports.

First released in , the LLVM project provides an alternative cross-platform open-source compiler for many languages. A common feature of Unix-like systems, Linux includes traditional specific-purpose programming languages targeted at scripting , text processing and system configuration and management in general. Linux distributions support shell scripts , awk , sed and make.

 
 

 

Adobe After Effects CS6 – Tutorial Book – Hitensvector

 

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Download Было free sudoku game for pc full version этим PDF. Far Shad. A short summary of this paper. PDF Pack. People also downloaded these PDFs. People also downloaded these free PDFs. Frre complete reference by Natasha Nyanja. Download Download PDF. Translate PDF. All rights reserved. No part of this publication whether in hardcopy or http://replace.me/3896.txt form may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written consent of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

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Any references to company names in sample templates are for demonstration purposes only and are not intended to refer to any actual organization. Microsoft, and Windows are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other countries.

JavaScript and all Java-related marks are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. If this guide is distributed with frer that includes an end user agreement, this adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free, as well as the software described in it, is furnished under license and may be usdr or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license.

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Please note that the content in userr guide is protected under copyright law even if it is not distributed with software that includes an end user license agreement. The content of this guide is furnished for informational use only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Adobe Systems Incorporated. Adobe Adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free Incorporated assumes effexts responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that may appear in the informational content contained in this guide.

Overview Introduction to scripting in After Effects A script is a series of commands that tells an application to perform a series of operations.

You can use scripts manuwl most Adobe applications to automate repetitive tasks, perform complex calculations, and even use some adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free not directly exposed through the pf user interface. For example, you can direct After Effects to reorder the layers in aodbe composition, find and replace source text in text layers, or send an e-mail message when rendering is complete.

Although both the After Effects expressions language afteg the After Effects ExtendScript scripting language are based on JavaScript, the expressions features and scripting features of After Effects are separate and distinct.

Expressions cannot access information manuaal scripts such as variables and functions. Whereas a script tells an application to do something, an expression says that a property is something. However, because the After Effects expression language and ExtendScript are both based on JavaScript, familiarity with either one is very helpful in understanding the other.

The heart of a scriptable application is the object model. When you use Effevts After Effects, you create projects, compositions, and render queue items along with all of the elements that they contain: footage, images, solids, layers, masks, effects, and properties.

Each of these items, in scripting terms, is an object. This guide describes the ExtendScript objects that have been defined for After Effects projects. The After Effects object model is composed of a project, items, compositions, layers, and render ueer items. Each object has its own special attributes, and every object in an After Effects project has its own adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free although not all are accessible to scripting.

You should be familiar with the After Effects object model in order to create scripts. Eftects all of what fere can accomplish replicates what can be done by means of the After Effects graphical user interface. A thorough knowledge of the application itself and its graphical user interface is essential to understanding how to use scripting in After Effects. The After Effects scripting engine supports the 3rd Edition of the ECMA Standard, including its notational and lexical conventions, types, objects, expres- sions, and adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free.

ScriptUI provides an object model for windows and UI control elements that you can use to create a user interface for your scripts. Tools and Utilities: In addition, ExtendScript provides tools and fee such as a localization utility for providing user-interface string values in different languages and global functions for displaying short messages in dialog boxes a l e r tc on f i r mand prompt. External Communication: Adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free provides a S o cke t object that allows you to communicate fere remote systems from your After Effects scripts.

Interapplication Communication: ExtendScript provides a common scripting environment for all Uuser applications, and allows interapplication communication through scripts. If you choose to use another text editor to create, edit, and save scripts, be sure to choose an application that does not automatically add header information when saving files and that saves with Unicode UTF-8 encoding. In many text editors, you can set preferences for saving with UTF-8 encoding.

After Effects scripts must include the. Any UTFencoded text file with the. You can use the ExtendScript Toolkit to export a binary version of an ExtendScript file, which has the extension.

Such a binary file may not be usable with all of the scripting integration features in After Effects. Activating full scripting features The default is for scripts to not be allowed to write files or send or receive communication over a network.

This error message includes information about the nature of the error and the line of the script on which it occurred. This feature is disabled by default so that casual users do not encounter it. Adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free you edit a script while After Effects is running, you must save your changes for the changes to be applied. If you place a script in the Scripts folder while After Effects is running, you must restart After Effects for the script to appear in the Scripts menu, though you can immediately run the new adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free using the Adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free Script File command.

Running scripts from the command line, a batch file, or an AppleScript script If you основываясь на этих данных familiar with how to run dree script from the command line in Windows or via AppleScript, you can send css6 script directly to the open After Effects application, so that the application automatically runs the script. To run a script from the command line, call afterfx.

Use the -r switch and the full path of manuzl script to run as arguments. This command does not open a new instance of the After Effects appli- cation; it runs the script in the existing instance.

Following are examples of Windows command-line entries that will send an After Effects script to the appli- cation without using the After Effects user interface to execute the script. In the first example, you copy and paste your After Effects script directly on the command line sfter then run it.

The script text appears in quotation marks following the af te r fx. For example: af t e r f x. In the first example, you copy your After Effects script effectd into the Script Editor windows 10 shutdown free then run it.

After Effects runs scripts in these folders automatically, manuak alphabetical order, on starting and quitting, respectively. In the Startup folder you can place scripts that you wish to execute at startup of the application.

They are executed after the application is initialized and all plug-ins are loaded. Scripting shares a global environment, so any script executed at startup can define variables and functions that are available to all scripts.

In all cases, variables and functions, once defined by running a script that contains them, persist in subsequent scripts during a given After Effects session.

Once the application is quit, all such globally defined uaer and functions are cleared. Be sure to give variables in scripts unique names, so that a script does not inadvertently reassign global variables intended to persist throughout a session.

This avobe after the project is closed but before any other application shutdown occurs. If a script has been written to provide a user interface in useg dockable panel, the effefts should ueer put in the Fefects folder.

ScriptUI panels work much the same as the default panels in the After Effects user interface. Instead of creating a Window object and adding controls to it, a ScriptUI Panels script uses the t h is object that represents the panel. In this case, you should pass the t h i s object as an argument to your function. However, a script that is busy processing a lot of data might not be very eeffects. Elements of basic JavaScript relevant to After Effects scripting JavaScript variables Scripting shares a global environment, so any script executed at startup adobe after effects cs6 user manual pdf free define variables and functions that are available to all scripts.

Scripters should be careful about giving variables in scripts unique names, so that a script does not inadvertently reassign global variables intended to persist throughout a session.

JavaScript keywords and statement syntax Although it is not possible to provide an exhaustive resource describing usage of JavaScript, ppdf following tables provide an overview of keywords, statements, operators, precedence, and associativity. The following table lists and describes all keywords and statements recognized by the After Effects effecrs engine.

Similar to the w hi l e loop, except loop condition evaluation occurs at the end of the loop. Provides a way to easily loop through the properties of an object. Similar to the d o JavaScript operators The following tables list and describe all operators recognized by the After Effects scripting engine and show the precedence and associativity for free operators.

Structure member. Function call. Logical NOT. Bitwise OR. Logical OR. ExtendScript also defines the ScriptUI module, a set of window and user-interface control objects, which are available to After Effects scripts.

 
 

Adobe InDesign – Wikipedia.Duik Bassel.2 – RxLaboratory

 
 

In this video tutorial, Eran Stern creates a watery liquid push effect and color corrects the shot using the bundled Color Finesse plug-in. Using a layer of smoke, blurs, colour correction and some masking techniques, Nick shows you how to create the energy ball, give it a burning hot spot, animate it to fly towards the camera and reflect off the nearby fence. In this tutorial artist is going to explain how easy it is for any photoshop users out there that create a lot of effects-added branding to transform their work into a great and simple animation using After Effects, presumably to spice up your client presentation or intro to your website.

This was made in After Effects CS4 and demonstrat…. Now you can easily call it quits within After Effects! Rob uses the example of creating a paper crumple transition to show off the Digieffects plugin Freeform AE. Who knows… this tutorial might just save your job. The more you get into After Effects, the more you realize how cool it is to bring in stuff from outside the program.

This tutorial shows how take a scene from Cinema 4D and bring it over into AE. Using basic AE tools and some expressions you will learn how to create this 3D wall made of custom shapes and a nice laser beam to reveal your text. In this tutorial, Chad Castleberry will walk you through an all new, updated technique to creating an opening title sequence seen in movies like Superman or The Last Starfighter.

Concepts covered: The Echo Effect, simple keyframe animation, and using fractal noise to create an interesting starscape. In this tutorial Mathias shows that corner pin tracking can do much more than just replacing some pictures on a wall.

We are going to compose a wound on a moving head and use the Mocha tracker in combination with his script MochaImport. Trust me, this is so much easier then creating a real head wound! It is all done in After Effects without any third party plug-ins. How to automate client onboarding. PrestaShop alternatives. GoodBarber alternatives. The top 6 advantages of Shopify as an e-commerce platform. How to start a modeling agency. How to send surveys: 4 survey distribution methods.

How to turn survey results into a great presentation. What is the best way to learn Adobe After Effects? Adobe After Effects is one of the more useful places to brush up on After Effects techniques.

MotionWorks provides After Effects tutorials, tips, and training with a rich collection of free courses for users of all skills. For more visit worldforcrack. I was looking for this certain information for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck. An interactive 3D animation package. This software is all you need to tell a life story and share it with your friends. Such resources are often plug-ins.

However, some third-party effects and other third-party plug-ins may not continue to operate, even if you have versions of these plug-ins on the target system. In such cases, you may need to reapply some third-party effects. Installing the software Before installing Adobe After Effects software, review complete system requirements and recommendations in the Read Me file.

The Read Me file is on the installation disc, as well as being included in the Release Notes document available through the After Effects support section of the Adobe website. For assistance with installation issues, see the Creative Suite Help and Support section on the Adobe website.

In addition to the full version of Adobe After Effects, you can also install additional copies on additional computers to use as After Effects render engines to assist with network rendering. You install render engines in the same manner as the full version of the application. This means that you can import and export to all of the supported file formats using the trial version. Keylight is included, however. If your installation of After Effects is missing some third-party components, contact your system administrator to ensure that all licensed components have been installed correctly.

For more information about limitations of the trial version for After Effects CS5. For example, mocha for After Effects, some effect plug-ins, and some codecs for encoding and decoding MPEG formats are available only with the full version of Adobe After Effects software. For more information about limitations of the trial version for After Effects CS5, see the Adobe website. After Effects CS5 and later is a bit application After Effects CS5 and later is a bit application, so it can only run on bit operating systems.

To activate the CS4 versions of these applications, you must use a separate serial number. For assistance, contact Adobe Customer Service. For more information about installing and activating the bit applications, see the Adobe website.

Activate the software Activation is a simple, anonymous process. After installation, your Adobe software attempts to contact Adobe to complete the license activation process. No personal data is transmitted. A single-user retail license activation supports two computers. For example, you can install the software on a desktop computer at work and on a laptop computer at home.

For more information on product licensing and activation, see the Read Me file or go to the Adobe website. Page: 26 Workflows To the top General workflow in After Effects Basic workflow tutorial: Create a simple movie General workflow in After Effects Overview of general workflow in After Effects Whether you use Adobe After Effects to animate a simple title, create complex motion graphics, or composite realistic visual effects, you generally follow the same basic workflow, though you may repeat or skip some steps.

For example, you may repeat the cycle of modifying layer properties, animating, and previewing until everything looks right. You may skip the step of importing footage if you intend to create graphical elements entirely in After Effects. Import and organize footage After you create a project, import your footage into the project in the Project panel.

After Effects automatically interprets many common media formats, but you can also specify how you want After Effects to interpret attributes such as frame rate and pixel aspect ratio.

You can view each item in a Footage panel and set its start and end times to fit your composition. For more information, see Importing and interpreting footage items. Create, arrange, and composite layers in a composition Create one or more compositions. Any footage item can be the source for one or more layers in a composition.

You can arrange the layers spatially in the Composition panel or arrange them in time using the Timeline panel. You can stack layers in two dimensions or arrange them in three dimensions. You can use masks, blending modes, and keying tools to composite combine , the images of multiple layers. You can even use shape layers, text layers, and paint tools to create your own visual elements. For more information, see Composition basics, Creating layers, Transparency, opacity, and compositing, Overview of shape layers, paths, and vector graphics, and Creating and editing text layers.

Modify and animate layer properties You can modify any property of a layer, such as size, position, and opacity. You can make any combination of layer properties change over time, using keyframes and expressions. Use motion tracking to stabilize motion or to animate one layer so that it follows the motion in another layer.

For more information, see Animation basics, Expression basics, and Tracking and stabilizing motion CS5. Add effects and modify effect properties You can add any combination of effects to alter the appearance or sound of a layer, and even generate visual elements from scratch. You can apply any of the hundreds of effects, animation presets, and layer styles. You can even create and save your own animation presets.

You can animate effect properties, too, which are simply layer properties within an effect property group. For more information, see Effects and animation presets overview. Preview Previewing compositions on your computer monitor or an external video monitor is fast and convenient, even for complex projects, especially if you use OpenGL technology to accelerate previews. You can change the speed and quality of previews by specifying their resolution and frame rate, and by limiting the area and duration of the composition that you preview.

You can use color management features to preview how your movie will look on another output device. For more information, see Previewing and Color management. Render and export Add one or more compositions to the render queue to render them at the quality settings you choose and to create movies in the formats that you specify. For more information, see Basics of rendering and exporting.

Adobe recommends Have a tutorial you would like to share? See this page on the After Effects Region of Interest blog for a collection of resources for getting started with After Effects.

Read a basic step-by-step introduction to the general workflow in an excerpt from After Effects Classroom in a Book. Basic workflow tutorial: Create a simple movie This tutorial assumes that you have already started After Effects and have not modified the empty default project.

This example skips the step of importing footage and shows you instead how to create your own synthetic visual elements. After you have rendered a final movie, you can import it into After Effects to view it and use it as you would any other footage item. Some people prefer to use the mouse and menus to interact with After Effects, whereas others prefer to use keyboard shortcuts for common tasks. For several steps in this example, two alternative commands are shown that produce the same result—the first demonstrating the discoverability of menu commands and the second demonstrating the speed and convenience of keyboard shortcuts.

Change the Duration value in the Composition Settings dialog box by entering 5. Type your name. Set an initial keyframe for the Position property: Click the triangle to the left of the layer name in the Timeline panel, click the triangle to the left of the Transform group name, and then click the stopwatch button to the left of the Position property name.

Press V. Using the Selection tool, drag your text to the bottom-left corner of the frame in the Composition panel. Move the current-time indicator to the last frame of the composition: Drag the current-time indicator in the Timeline panel to the far right of the timeline. Press End. Using the Selection tool, drag your text to the top-right corner of the frame in the Composition panel.

A new keyframe is created at this time for the Position property. Motion is interpolated between keyframe values. Preview your animation using standard preview: Click the Play button in the Preview panel.

Click Play again to stop the preview. Press the spacebar. Press the spacebar again to stop the preview. Double-click the effect name. In After Effects CS5. The previous keyboard shortcuts also work. Use the Add to Render Queue command instead. In the Render Queue panel, click the underlined text to the right of Output To. In the Output Movie To dialog box, choose a name and location for the output movie file, and then click Save.

For the location, choose something easy to find, like your desktop. Click the Render button to process all items in the render queue. The Render Queue panel shows the progress of the rendering operation.

A sound is generated when rendering is complete. Page: 29 Workspace and workflow Page: 32 Workflows To the top General workflow in After Effects Basic workflow tutorial: Create a simple movie General workflow in After Effects Overview of general workflow in After Effects Whether you use Adobe After Effects to animate a simple title, create complex motion graphics, or composite realistic visual effects, you generally follow the same basic workflow, though you may repeat or skip some steps.

Page: 35 Planning and setup To the top Planning your work Planning for playback on computer monitors and mobile devices Cross-platform project considerations Planning your work Correct project settings, preparation of footage, and initial composition settings can help you to avoid errors and unexpected results when rendering your final output movie. Page: 36 To the top Project settings Project settings fall into three basic categories: how time is displayed in the project, how color data is treated in the project, and what sampling rate to use for audio.

Page: 37 To the top Because stable non-shaky video is easier to compress, shoot video with a tripod to minimize the shaking of the camera. Use Adobe Bridge to browse for project templates and animation presets; run cross-product workflow automation scripts; view and manage files and folders; organize your files by assigning keywords, labels, and ratings to them; search for files and folders; and view, edit, and add metadata.

In After Effects, you can animate an entire Photoshop image or any of its layers. You can even animate individual properties of Photoshop images, such as the properties of a layer style.

If you use After Effects to create movies, you can use Photoshop to refine the individual frames of those movies. Comparative advantages for specific tasks The strengths of After Effects are in its animation and automation features. This means that After Effects excels at tasks that can be automated from one frame to another. For example, you can use the motion tracking features of After Effects to track the motion of a microphone boom, and then automatically apply that same motion to a stroke made with the Clone Stamp tool.

In this manner, you can remove the microphone from every frame of a shot, without having to paint the microphone out by hand on each frame. In contrast, Photoshop has excellent tools for painting and drawing.

Deciding which application to use for painting depends on the task. Paint strokes in Photoshop directly affect the pixels of the layer. Paint strokes in After Effects are elements of an effect, each of which can be turned on or off or modified at any time. If the purpose of applying a paint stroke is to permanently modify a still image, use the Photoshop paint tools.

If you are applying several paint strokes by hand to get rid of dust, consider using the Photoshop paint tools. The animation and video features in Photoshop Extended include simple keyframe-based animation. After Effects uses a similar interface, though the breadth and flexibility of its animation features are far greater. Photoshop, however, can manipulate complete 3D models and output two-dimensional composites and cross-sections of these 3D models from any angle.

When the camera moves around such a layer, it views the 3D object from various angles. To see a video tutorial about using 3D object layers from Photoshop in After Effects, see the Adobe website.

After Effects can also automatically create 3D layers to mimic the planes created by the Photoshop Vanishing Point feature. Page: 39 To the top To see video tutorials about using Vanishing Point data from Photoshop in After Effects, see the Adobe website: Working with Vanishing Point in Photoshop and After Effects Using Vanishing Point to map a 3D environment Exchanging still images After Effects can import and export still images in many formats, but you will usually want to use the native Photoshop PSD format when transferring individual frames or still image sequences between After Effects and Photoshop.

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You should know how to use the directory system of your computer so that you can navigate through folders. You need to understand how to locate, save, and open files.

You should also know how to use your mouse to access menus and commands. The software is sold separately, and not included with this book. The minimum system requirements for your computer to effectively use the software are listed below and you can find the most current system requirements at www. Adobe Captivate 9 – Quizzes. Adobe Captivate 9 – NeoSpeech. Adobe Photoshop CC Adobe Photoshop CS6 Tutorial. Adobe Dreamweaver CS6 Tutorial. Adobe Illustrator CS6 Tutorial.

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